What is Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment?
Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment is used to treat bacterial eye infections (bacterial conjunctivitis). Its active ingredient, chloramphenicol, is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that can both treat and suppress the infection.
Bacterial conjunctivitis is an infection of the outer surface of the eye. It is caused by a variety of bacteria and the infection results in redness, discomfort and discharge from the affected eye.
Eye ointment is an effective treatment for these types of infections as it is applied directly to the source of the infection. This means it works much faster than oral medicines.
The ointment contains chloramphenicol in a greasy semisolid form. When applied, your body temperature melts the ointment and breaks it into tiny drops. These drops stay within your eyelid and eyeball and stop the infection.
Applying a 1cm strip of ointment to the inside of the eyelid three to four times a day during this period should remove the infection.
How does Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment work?
This eye ointment contains the active ingredient chloramphenicol. This is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that treats a wide variety of bacteria.
Various forms of bacteria occur naturally in our bodies and do not cause harm. However, when these bacteria grow and multiply this causes an infection.
Chloramphenicol stops bacteria producing proteins that allow them to grow and replicate. After a few applications, the antibiotic completely controls the bacteria causing the infection.
The remaining bacteria then die or are killed by the body's immune system, therefore eliminating the infection.
Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment works by placing the antibiotic directly into the affected eye. This means it is much more potent and acts faster than oral medications.
Typically, Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment is used for five days. It is only suitable for ocular and external use.
Make sure to use Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment for the full five-day course, unless otherwise instructed by your doctor or pharmacist. If you don't, the infection may not clear completely, and it may return.
Discard the tube after you've completed your five-day treatment to avoid contamination.
Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment can be used in combination with eye drops. If you do so, use the drops during the day and the ointment just before going to bed.
How to use Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment
- Thoroughly wash your hands then dry them before applying the ointment
- Stand in front of a mirror so you can see what you're doing
- Remove the cap taking special care that the nozzle of the tube does not touch your eye, the skin around it or your fingers. (This can contaminate the nozzle and therefore affect the effectiveness of the treatment.)
- Position the nozzle close to your eye and gently pull down the lower eyelid with your finger. Tilt your head back slightly and look up.
- Squeeze the tube gently and place a 1cm-line of ointment in the pocket between the lower lid and the eye
- Close your eyes for a few moments to let the ointment settle
- Replace the cap securely after wiping down any excess ointment with a clean tissue
- Use a different tissue to wipe away any excess ointment from your eye
- Your vision may be cloudy or blurred at first, but this is normal and should clear up in a few minutes
- This dose can be repeated 3-4 times per day
What dosages are available for Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment?
Typically, Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment comes in a tube containing 4g of ointment. This usually enough for a full five-day course.
The ointment contains approximately 10mg per gram of the active ingredient chloramphenicol that treats the infection. This is in addition to liquid paraffin and white petroleum which act as excipients.
The ointment is yellowish-white in colour.
What are the side effects of Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment?
Most people will use this product without experiencing any side effects.
However, medicines can affect people differently. Side effects can include a burning or stinging sensation or allergic reactions (e.g. breathing problems, fever, swelling of the face lips or tongue, or a rash).
In very rare circumstances, individuals may experience symptoms of blood disorders including bruising, bleeding, infections and general weakness.
If you experience any side effects that concern you, please consult your doctor.
What are the precautions/interactions of Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment?
Bacterial eye infections present similar symptoms to other conditions, so do not use this ointment and seek medical attention if you:
- Experience changes to your sight (reduced or blurred vision)
- Have pain within the eye or light sensitivity
- Experience inflammation of the eye, with a rash on the face or scalp
- Have a cloudy-looking eye or a pupil that looks unusual
- Suspect you have a foreign object in the eye
- Have recently had glaucoma, dry eyes, eye surgery or laser treatment (in the last six months)
- Experience an injury to the eye
Visit your doctor if your symptoms do not improve within 2 days of using Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment to treat your eye infection, or if the symptoms worsen during treatment.
Do not wear contact lenses while treating your eye infection with this eye ointment, as doing so can aggravate the condition.
Do not share the ointment with anyone else as it might spread the infection.
This ointment should not be used if you are taking bone marrow depressant drugs, such as azathioprine, or are receiving chemotherapy.
Do not use on children under 2 years of age, or if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
This medicine is not suitable for severe infections that have moved to the deeper layers of the eye.
You should not use this treatment if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
This treatment should not be used for children under 2 years of age.
Those with a personal or family history of abnormalities in the number of blood cells in their blood (blood dycrasias, including aplastic anaemia) should not use this medication.
If you are allergic to any of the ingredients in this product or have experienced problems with your blood cells following use of chloramphenicol, consult your pharmacist or doctor for alternative medication.
If you have an allergic reaction while using this treatment, stop applying the ointment with immediate effect and inform your doctor or pharmacist.
How to buy Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment online
To buy Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment online, firstly complete a quick questionnaire to be reviewed by our doctor. This will determine the suitability and effectiveness of the ointment for you. Your details can be saved in your own member's area, making reordering even quicker in the future.
Getting Chloramphenicol 1% Eye Ointment delivered in the UK
If you place your order and have it approved by 4:30pm Monday to Friday, you can receive your ointment the next day. This service is available across the UK and is free of charge.