Sexual Health Thursday March 14, 2013

25 Things you probably didn’t know about STIs

There are 25 different infections that can be passed on through sexual contact and unfortunately the number of people diagnosed with STIs have been on the increase. This has lead to widespread media attention and awareness campaigns, but inpite of a much broader understanding of STIs, there are still facts about these infections that many of us don't know and probably should. This post looks at 25 little known facts about STIs.

  1. Women are four times more likely to contract an STI than to become pregnant.

  2. HPV is thought to be just as likely to cause oral cancer in men as smoking tobacco or alcohol use.

  3. Cervical smeer tests, gets it’s other name, Pap smeer from Dr George Papanicolaou who first introduced this test in the late 1940s.

  4. Nothing, apart from complete sexual abstinence can completely, with 100% surety prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections among partners, not even condoms.

  5. It is thought that at the start of the 20th century one third of patients being housed in the psychiatric fascilities of the time were suffering from tertiary syphilis, which is the final stages of syphilis.

  6. Pre-ejaculatory discharge can also spread STDs.

  7. There is such a thing as genital acne, which can sometimes be confused with sexually transmitted infections.

  8. The first hospital to treat sexually transmitted infections was the London Lock Hospital.

  9. Cases of pubic lice in the UK have fallen significantly since it has become preferable to remove pubic hair.

  10. Bacterial STIs tend to be curable, whereas this is not the case with viral STIs

  11. Many people aren’t aware that they have bacterial STIs.

  12. Women tend to be more likely to develop complications as a result of bacterial STIs.

  13. Routine cervical smear tests don’t test for STIs, a separate test should be requested if STIs are a concern.

  14. Despite worldwide awareness of STIs, infection rates are still growing world wide.

  15. According to the Centre for Disease Control, more than 300 million new cases of STIs are diagnosed worldwide every year.

  16. Unprotected anal intercourse with a partner with an unknown STI status is considered one of the highest risk activities for the spread of infection.

  17. Elderly people are a growing risk group for contracting sexually transmitted infections. Experts are blaming medications such as Viagra and other impotence medications.

  18. Genital warts is one of the most commonly diagnosed viral STIs diagnosed in the United Kingdom.

  19. The number of people with HIV in the UK has increased over the last year.

  20. According to the CDC the number of teenagers diagnosed in the United States increased during the Bush administration. This is largely thought to be the result of the abstinence approach taken at the time.

  21. Every year one in four teenagers contract a sexually transmitted infection.

  22. According to the NHS, people aged between 16 and 24 accounted for 63% of chlamydia cases, 54 % of genital warts cases, 47% of gonorrhoea cases, 41 of herpes cases and 16% of syphilis case.

  23. STIs are disproportionately high in women and adolescent girls according the World Health Organisation.

  24. The most common cause of fallopian tube damage and infertility in women is as a result of untreated sexually transmitted infections, this is particularly the case in African countries.

  25. Douching after sex does not prevent pregnancy or the spread of STIs, it might even have the opposite effect and increase a patient’s risk.
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